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Xinjiang - Center of the “Belt and Road” 

   In the center of “Belt and Road” economic zone, Xinjiang serves as a bridge between Central Asia and inland China. It is a shared freight station of The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and China Central Asian Economic Corridor, where most Middle Asian nations conduct trade and investment. Further development of electric power transmission not only benefits Xinjiang, a region abundant in natural resources, to gain financial profit; but also contributes to the construction of electric transmission in Silk Road economic belt, which makes it possible to connect power grid between China and Central Asia countries, transmitting electric power abroad, promoting mutual social and economic growth.

 

Xinjiang – Affluent in Energy Resources

Based on the rich fossil energy resources (coal, natural gas and petroleum) and renewable energy resources (wind and solar), Xinjiang has always been an important energy base.

Its oil reserves is estimated at 20.92 billion tons, accounted for 30% of national onshore reserves; natural gas reserves is measured around 11,000 billion cubic meter, up to 34% of China onshore reserves; coal reserves is calculated to approximately 2,190 tons, representing 40% of national reserves. For clean and renewable energy, Xinjiang has 8,900 million KW wind energy in reserves, up to 20.4% of total wind energy, ranking the second in China; in addition, Xinjiang’s nine major wind areas are very well-suited for the construction of large wind power plant, which have a technical exploitable amount of nearly 1,200 KW. Annual solar radiation in Xinjiang is also satisfactory, reaching 5.8 million KJ per square meter, which ranks the second in China and has a great potential to be exploited.

     

Xinjiang – Confident in the New Energy Road

   Instead of depending only on traditional energy to generate electric power, Xinjiang also focus on the use of clean and renewable energy. In recent years, Xinjiang’s installed capacity of renewable energy increases in a rapid speed. During 12th 5-year-plan period, its wind power installed capacity enjoyed an average annual growth rate of 69%. 142 renewable energy projects had been incorporated to the grid in December, 2015 alone, making an installed capacity of 9.17 million KV, and the whole year installed capacity is around 24.11 million KV. The ration of renewable energy installed capacity raise to 30% in 2015. That ration was 8.53%, 19.02%, 25.5% in 2012, 2013 and 2014 respectively. From the statistics provided by State Grid, the proportion of installed capacity of renewable energy is 33.4%, and the proportion of electric consumption from renewable energy is 23%. And those ratios are 41% and 16.2% respectively for Germany.

 

Xinjiang - Aiming at global market

  Making Xinjiang a global energy base on the “Belt and Road” area is one of the major tasks in China’s 13th 5-year-plan. Ultra high voltage (UHV) technology enables extra long range electricity transmission with low cost, which enables Xinjiang to transmit its electric power far away to the Central Asian and Europe. Along the way, there are many countries that are in urgent need of improving infrastructural facilities, which provides a huge potential market. With the advancement of energy storage technology, lower cost will provide incentives to construct world-class power grid. The first 1,100 KV HVDC transmission project, from Zhundong, Xinjiang to East China, is approved and will be under construction soon, which start a new era for Chinese power transmission. In the coming 13th 5-year-plan period, State Grid will invest 201.7 billion RMB in Xinjiang to build 334 transformer substations with 26236 Km circuit and a power transmission capacity of 92.69 million KVA.